The Joystream Manifesto
Our Manifesto units out both the problems we imagine are associated with digital media platforms of their present kind in addition to our proposed resolution to these concerns.
We believe that artwork, be it as literature, music, film, video games or performance, is a crucial device via which societies establish a shared understanding of what is widespread data amongst all members. These expressions define values and narratives that find yourself shaping culture, religion and even public coverage. It due to this fact issues deeply how it’s financed, distributed and paid for.
Digital media has become the primary medium through which such expression is distributed, and digital media platforms have become the important thing institutions organizing this exercise.
Unfortunately, because of community https://www.joystream.org/ results, economies of scale, regulations and political pursuits, we’re right now left with handful of massive institutions which set the terms for a way this occurs. They are nearly entirely unaccountable to regular market and political mechanisms.
As a outcome, our tales, expressions and interactions are managed and filtered on their terms. This continues to generate an ever changing set of problems, be it inflexible monetization, censorship of controversial speech, inequitable sharing of features with creators and viewers, low platform innovation or lack of credibility with third party developers.
We name for an arrangement where media platforms are accountable to the individuals they impact, that are primarily their customers, be it as consumers, creatives, third party developer or workers.
It is the absence of such accountability which is the basic supply of any specific downside at any explicit time.
Our core thesis is that there are two primary challenges which have to be addressed to achieve this goal, and that an appropriate application of up to date distributed methods know-how, together with blockchains, good contracts and tokens, is the best means to take action.
First is the query of how to create an alternate from scratch within the face of platform externalities which make any new platform practically useless, no matter any of its inherent characteristics. The process of doing this kind of bootstrapping has historically been mostly an artwork, where success has rarely been reproducible.
We believe that blockchain tokens, earned by and issued to early members, have been shown to be extremely effective at mobilizing, integrating and motivating a global and dynamic group.
This has now repeatedly allowed nascent communities, like the Bitcoin group, to overcome the initial network effect hurdle. There isn’t any certainty that this might be sufficient, however we believe this mechanism is as promising as anything which is more likely to have a chance in a long time.
Accountability at scale
Second is the query of tips on how to create and sustain accountability in such a platform when it truly reaches scale.
We understand there to be two basic ways in which members can maintain institutions of any sort accountable: Voice and exit, in the tradition of Hirschman A. O.
Voice is the method of making an attempt to improve or reform the functioning of an institution from inside. The effectiveness of this is determined by some capability to both share dependable info with other members, and have some influence on inner governance processes. Current media platforms present users no effective method of doing either.
We believe that blockchains provide an organizational and financial infrastructure which might tackle both issues. The public, verifiable and immutable historical past of economic and administrative data, supplies a superb basis for customers to know the current and past state of the platform. This allows anyone to make incontestable claims about related information and circumstances.
Further, blockchain tokens enable us to make use and control of a platform inseparable, giving customers an automatic seat at the desk in deliberating over platform stage selections.
All that is required to ascertain, exercise or switch the capacity to take part in such exercise, is the flexibility to sign messages with identifiable cryptographic keys. Perfectly reliable contracting gives a large, dynamic and unrestricted set of users the technique of governing the platform. This can serve a variety of functions, corresponding to enterprise initiatives, regulating participation in several formally specified roles, or even updating the institutional rules themselves. This integration of reliable contracting into the economic rails supplies an organizational infrastructure much more according to our objectives of inclusive management than the traditional jurisdictional trust primarily based infrastructure.
Exit is the method of entirely ending participation in an institution in favor of either joining or creating an alternative. The effectiveness of this depends on prices of leaving, and either joining or creating an alternative, all being low in comparison with the deprivation within the existing institution. This is presently not the case.
By building platforms based on free open supply software, open protocols and open knowledge — as is the case with Blockchain methods, one dramatically lowers these prices. Since customers management their very own information, identification and belongings, they have a a lot easier time becoming a member of new platforms, and even taking their peers with them.
Open protocols and data will make multi homing interfaces plentiful, where customers may not even want to change, but as an alternative use multiple platforms simultaneously, which inspires platform stage competitors.
Even more dramatically, reliance on open source signifies that all the software capital of a platform can simply be reused, and since the complete organizational state can also be public, whole ecosystems could be forked to create new alternative platforms with modified policies and objectives.